Stems erect, usually branched above, 2-4 dm, thinly and softly pubescent; lvs sessile or nearly so, linear to narrowly oblong, oblanceolate or elliptic, ±acute at base, entire or merely undulate, or with a few sinuate teeth distally; racemes to 10 cm, many of them on leafy-bracteate axillary branches, the very numerous staminate fls with 4 sep and 2 stamens; fr pubescent, 7-9 mm thick; 2n=44. Dry sandy soil; se. Va. to Fla. and Tex. May, June.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.