Distal leaves long-subulate beyond an ovate or obovate base, 1-2.2 mm, leaf base strongly differ-entiated in shape; distal laminal cells short- to long-rectangular. Sexual condition autoicous. Seta 0.1-0.4 mm. Capsule neck very short, flattened obovate. Spores pitted. Calyptra minutely papillose. Capsules mature late winter-spring. Soil; generally low elevations; Fla., Ga., La., N.C., S.C., Tex. Bruchia carolinae is one of the smallest species of the genus, and the very short seta and papillose calyptra are diagnostic.