Plants perennial; cespitose, not stoloniferous. Culms 20-80(120)
cm, geniculately ascending. Leaves mostly basal; sheaths glabrous;
ligules 0.2-0.5 mm, membranous, ciliolate; blades 2-30 cm long,
2-3(9) mm wide, mostly glabrous or puberulous adaxially, bases sometimes with
hispid hairs. Panicles 4-8(16) cm long, 1.5-3 cm wide, ovate, with many
branches; branches 3-7 cm, sharply ascending, capillary, naked basal portions
2-6 cm, puberulous, terminating in a rame; rames with a triplet of spikelets.
Sessile spikelets 3.5-5.2(8) mm (including the callus); calluses
0.7-1.5 mm, sharp, setose, hairs 1.5-1.9 mm, golden; lower glumes laterally
compressed, smooth, hispidulous distally, acute; upper glumes with a dorsal
fringe of hairs, awns 4.1-5.3(10) mm; upper lemmas awned, awns 2-3 cm,
slightly geniculate, column twisted, puberulous, hairs 0.2-0.4 mm. Pedicels
1-2.5 mm, setose on the edges, hairs 3-4.9 mm. Pedicellate spikelets 2.5-8
mm; lower glumes muticous or awned, awns to 0.7 cm. 2n = 40.
Chrysopogon fulvus is native from southern India to Thailand, where it is
considered a good forage grass. It was grown at the experiment station in Gainesville,
Florida, and subsequently found in adjacent flatwoods as an escape.