Stem solitary, decumbent to erect, 2-7 dm, often branched; lvs scattered, the lowest near the base of the stem; stipules narrow, caducous; lateral lfls ovate or oblong-ovate; terminal lfl rhombic-ovate, 3-8 cm, mostly longer than wide, acute; panicle 1-2 dm; fls rather few, white, 4-6 mm, on pedicels 6-12 mm; cal-lobes short; stamens monadelphous; stipe 4-11 mm, finely uncinate, seldom glabrous; articles 1-3, triangular, 9-12 נ5.5-8 mm, glabrous on the upper margin. Rich woods; N.Y. to O. and Io., s. to Fla. and Tex. July, Aug.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Infrequent to rare in the southern half of the state. All but two of my specimens were intimately associated with beech and were found on dry, wooded, beech slopes or in the "flats" with beech. The label on my Rush County specimens reads "common on a beech ridge two and a half miles west of Gowdy." I found a single specimen in a "post oak flat" about 10 miles southwest of Mt. Vernon, Posey County. Peattie's report from Lake County, I think, is based upon a wrong determination.