Fibrous-rooted from a short rhizome or caudex, 5-12 dm; herbage sparsely to densely spreading-hispid, or the lvs merely hispid-scabrous, many of the hairs of the stem ca 1 mm or more; stem leafy, the lvs opposite or alternate, coarsely toothed or entire, mostly 6-15 נ1.5-5 cm, (2-)2.5-5 times as long as wide, the lower often rather large and evidently long-petiolate, the others variously sessile or short-petiolate, rounded or tapering at base; heads several or many in a ±leafy-bracteate infl, with mostly ca 8 or ca 13(-21) rays 1.5-3 cm, the disk mostly 1-2 cm wide; 2n=14. Open woods, glades, and clearings; Va. to n. Fla., w. to Mo. and Tex. June-Sept. Our plants, with the stem lacking under- pubescence and with the receptacular bracts blunt and neither densely white-hairy nor glandular-hairy toward the tip, are var. asteriscus.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.