Guidelines for Acceptable Use of Data
Recommended Citation Formats
Use one of the following formats to cite data retrieved from the network:
Data Portal. 2020. http//:sernecportal.org/index.php. Accessed on September 19.
Usage of occurrence data from specific institutions:
Biodiversity occurrence data published by: <List of Collections>
(Accessed through Data Portal,
Biodiversity occurrence data published by:
Appalachian State University - I. W. Carpenter, Jr. Herbarium, Auburn University - John D. Freeman Herbarium, and University of South Carolina - A. C. Moore Herbarium
(Accessed through Data Portal,
While will make every effort possible to control and document the quality
of the data it publishes, the data are made available "as is". Any report of errors in the data should be
directed to the appropriate curators and/or collections managers.
cannot assume responsibility for damages resulting from mis-use or
mis-interpretation of datasets or from errors or omissions that may exist in the data.
It is considered a matter of professional ethics to acknowledge the work of other scientists that
has resulted in data used in subsequent research.
expects that any use of data from this server will be accompanied with
the appropriate citations and acknowledgments.
encourages users to contact the original investigator responsible for
the data that they are accessing. Where appropriate, researchers whose projects
are integrally dependent on particular group of specimen data are encouraged to consider collaboration
and/or co-authorship with original investigators.
asks that users not redistribute data obtained from this site. However,
links or references to this site may be freely posted.
Images within this website have been generously contributed by their owners to
promote education and research. These contributors retain the full copyright for
their images. Unless stated otherwise, images are made available under the "Fair Use"
provision of the U.S. Copyright Law (
). They may be used
only for personal or educational use and are NOT available for commercial use unless
permission is first obtained from the copyright holder. If any image is used in a
non-commercial publication, report, or as a web link, one must credit the photographer
as well as the name of the website hosting the image. If you have any doubt or
questions regarding the use of an image, contact the author or the site manager.
Notes on Specimen Images
Specimens are used for scientific research and because of skilled preparation and
careful use they may last for hundreds of years. Some collections have specimens
that were collected over 100 years ago that are no longer occur within the area.
By making these specimens available on the web as images, their availability and
value improves without an increase in inadvertent damage caused by use. Note that
if you are considering making specimens, remember collecting normally requires
permission of the landowner and, in the case of rare and endangered plants,
additional permits may be required. It is best to coordinate such efforts with a
local institution that manages a publically accessable collection.