Culms trigonous with obtuse angles, 15-75 cm, to 3 mm diam. at base, glabrous. Leaves: sheaths to 2.5 cm; blades 30-35 cm × 5 mm. Inflorescences 10-30 cm; peduncles of proximal spikes to 4 cm; bracts 8-15 cm × 3-5 mm, shorter than inflorescences; lateral spikes 4-5, 6-10-flowered, 1 × 2.5 cm. Scales white or translucent with green midvein, ovate, body to 2.5 mm, less than 0.5 length of perigynia, herbaceous, apex acute, acuminate or mucronate, awn to 0.5 mm. Perigynia green with red-brown spots, 15-20 raised veins, to 15 × 1.2 mm; beak obliquely cut, herbaceous, teeth cartilaginous, to 1 mm; style curved, short stigmas protruding from perigynium at base of oblique orifice. Achenes yellow-brown, oblong, obtusely angled, 3 × 1 mm, tightly enclosed by perigynia, dull. Fruiting Jul-Aug. Shaded sphagnum bogs or seeps, characteristically under Chamaecyparis thyoides or Picea mariana; 0-700 m; Conn., Del., Ga., Md., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va. Nuttall did not designate a type specimen for Carex collinsii; he clearly did not intend that name to provide a legitimate name for the later homonym C. subulata Michaux, but listed both of the names. As K. K. Mackenzie (1931-1935, parts 2-3, pp. 704-705) pointed out, the locality of the type specimen for C. subulata Michaux is apparently erroneous because that species does not occur in Canada. The specimen in the Michaux herbarium (P, photo!) is C. collinsii.
Densely tufted, 2-6 dm, the stems surpassing the lvs; main lvs 2-4 mm wide; terminal spike staminate, 5-10 mm, sessile or short-peduncled; pistillate spikes 2-4, separate, erect, pedunculate, usually staminate at the tip, the axis to 1 cm; bracts lf-like, overtopping the spikes, strongly sheathing at base; pistillate scales ovate, 3-5 mm, hyaline with green midvein, acute to short-awned, persistent; perigynia slenderly subulate, 8-12 mm, nearly circular in cross-section, long-attenuate above, the beak with a long fissure and 2 conspicuous, abruptly reflexed teeth 1 mm; achene rounded-trigonous, continuous with the persistent slender style. Bogs, especially Chamaecyparis-swamps, mostly on the coastal plain; R.I. to Pa. and Ga.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.