Plants 15-50 cm. Roots numerous, mostly to 1 cm diam., stout. Leaves fugacious or persisting through anthesis, to 3-5, cauline, reduced to sheathing bracts upward on stem, spreading, linear-lanceolate, keeled, 5-15 × 0.5 cm, rigid. Inflorescences: spikes loosely to tightly spiraled, usually no more than 180°, 5-9 flowers per cycle of spiral, sometimes secund; rachis sparsely pubescent, some trichomes capitate, glands obviously stalked. Flowers mostly horizontal, strongly gaping, white to cream; sepals distinct to base, lanceolate, tapering in distal 1/3, (8-)9-10 × 2-3 mm; lateral sepals widely spreading; petals linear, slightly falcate, 7-9 × 2-2.5 mm; lip yellow centrally, ovate in general outline, base rounded-dilated, apical portion descending, oblong, 8-11 × 4 mm, apex recurved with margin crisped; basal calli erect, tapered, to 1 mm; viscidium linear-lanceolate; ovary mostly 7 mm. Seeds monoembryonic. Flowering Oct--Dec. Primarily on coastal plain in dry to moist meadows, pine flatwoods and savannas, fields, roadsides; 0--50 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tex., Va. Hybrids of Spiranthes longilabris and S. odorata are known as Spiranthes × folsomii P. M. Brown.