Plants perennial; cespitose, with tough fibrous roots,
not rhizomatous. Culms 30-100(120) cm. Sheaths usually keeled
below, glabrous; ligules 0.2-0.5 mm; blades (6)10-30(50) cm long,
1-5 mm wide, flat, glabrous on both surfaces. Panicles 20-35(50) cm long,
0.3-2.2(3) cm wide, contracted, narrow, sometimes included in the uppermost
sheath; primary branches 0.4-2.5(5) cm, appressed or spreading to 40°
from the rachis, as long or longer than the adjacent internodes; secondary
branches appressed, spikelet-bearing to near the base; pulvini glabrous;
pedicels 0.1-1.8 mm, appressed. Spikelets 2-2.6(2.7) mm, plumbeous
to light brownish. Glumes subequal, ovate or obovate, membranous; lower
glumes 0.5-1 mm, often without midveins; upper glumes 0.8-1.6 mm,
1/2-2/3 as long as the florets, acute to obtuse, entire; lemmas 1.8-2.6(2.7)
mm, ovate, membranous, glabrous, acute or obtuse; paleas 1.9-2.4 mm,
ovate, membranous, glabrous; anthers 3, 0.5-1.1 mm, white, sometimes
purple-tinged. Fruits 1-1.2 mm, quadrangular, laterally compressed, reddish-brown,
truncate. 2n = 18, 24, 36.
Sporobolus indicus is a pantropical species. It commonly grows in disturbed
places and open areas such as roadsides, pastures, and lake shores. In the Flora
region, it is found on sandy or clay soils and is associated with many plant
communities. The spikelets and upper leaves are often covered with hyphomycetous
fungi (Bipolaris spp.); hence the common name of 'smutgrass'.
Erect, tufted, unbranched perennial 3-10 dm; lvs crowded toward the base, 15-25+ cm נ3-5 mm, tapering to a filiform point; infl 1-4 dm נ0.5-1 cm, dense and spike- like; spikelets numerous, small, crowded, the first glume 0.4-0.9 mm, the second 0.8-1.3 mm; lemma 1.4-2 mm, about equaling the palea; 2n=18, 24, 36. A weed of wet open soil, roadsides and ditchbanks; native of trop. Asia, naturalized in trop Amer., and extending n. to Ark., Ky., Va., and sometimes N.J. (S. poiretii)
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.